According to SPCA, there are two types of laws in Texas that protect animals from cruelty; civil laws and criminal laws.
In a civil case, the judge may take away a person's animals and/or order them to pay restitution. In a criminal case, penalties include fines, jail, or both. Those under of the age of 18 who are convicted are also required to undergo counseling.
Texas criminal laws only apply to domesticated animals, such as house pets and livestock or other animals that are subject to a person's control.
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