The FDA's mandate would, eliminate over the counter use of antibiotics for the main purpose of boosting growth in healthy animals. Antibiotics could only be used to treat or prevent disease and must be prescribed by a veterinarian.
One consumer advocacy group estimates 80 percent of all antibiotics in this country are used in farm animals.
Dr. William Schaffner is an infectious disease specialist with Vanderbilt University. He says, "The fewer antibiotics we use in our foods, the better it is for us, because we infectious disease doctors are having a harder and harder time treating patients with important infections."
The program is voluntary. The two main companies that produce animal feed that incorporates antibiotics have agreed to comply with the new program.
Doctor Michael Taylor is deputy commissioner of the FDA. He says, "It's really focusing on those antibiotics that are important in human medicine and reducing the likelihood that the disease causing bacteria become resistant to these antibiotics and therefore are no longer effective in treating people."
The FDA said it expects the meat producers to comply. In a statement, the National Pork Producers Council said, "We expect that hog farmers, and the federally inspected feed mills they purchase feed from, will follow the law."