AUSTIN (Nexstar) — Texas Gov. Greg Abbott’s renewed push for school vouchers is a piece of his “parental rights” platform, which itself could be a signal of future political aspirations, according to a political science and communication professor.

“Make no mistake, the governor is laying out not only a strategy to embolden his campaign for re-election, I think everything he’s been doing since the end of the special session has been a test to see how these themes would work at a national level,” said Dr. Richard Pineda with the University of Texas at El Paso.

“I think a lot of what you’re seeing is the governor teeing up what his approach is going to be if and when he decides to run for the White House,” Pineda added.

At a campaign event Monday, Abbott pledged his support for school choice.

“Empowering parents means giving them the choice to send their children to any public school, charter school or private school with state funding following the student.”

The plan could have big financial effects on school districts that rely on student attendance figures for funding.

The governor said it is “imperative” to “fully fund public schools in Texas.”

Mark Wiggins with the Association of Texas Professional Educators said Abbott’s framing of vouchers as a “parents’ rights” issue is misleading.

“Parents would surrender the right to run their child’s school through an elected school board, the right to view curriculum, the right to demand open records, the right to accountability scores, not to mention federal rights for a disabled child,” Wiggins told KXAN. “And private schools will still have the right to choose who they admit.”

Vouchers have run into political opposition at the state capitol from some rural lawmakers (both Democratic and Republican) who represent areas with few school options.

“I think the governor does run the risk of putting himself in a bad spot in some of the conservative rural areas where the public school district really is the only game in town,” Pineda said.

Abbott’s remarks Monday were greeted with applause from the Texas Federation for Children (TFC), part of the pro-school choice American Federation for Children.

“Students — not teachers, not administrators, not systems or bureaucracies — are the reason we have a constitutional right to an education, and that right must extend to a clearly articulated and well-funded system that allows parents to pick the school which is best for their child,” a TFC statement read.

“Thanks to Greg Abbott’s leadership, the educational freedom movement in Texas has been lit on fire,” the statement continued.

Texans are divided when it comes to the question of whether state tax revenue should go toward helping parents pay private school costs.

In April, the Texas Politics Project at the University of Texas polled voters across the state on a range of questions, including the question of school vouchers. The poll found 45% supported redirecting state tax revenue to help parents pay private school costs, while 40% opposed the idea.

The poll found a significant partisan divide on the issue. Republicans backed vouchers with 61% support. But less than half of Independent voters and just a quarter of Democrats in the poll said they support having tax dollars go to private schools.

Want to look up your pet’s vet? Some Texas records may be missing online

When 5-year-old Jax was dropped off to stay at a boarding facility and animal hospital in Taylor in March 2021, court records say he was healthy.

However, when the Olde English Bulldog’s owner picked him up just one week later, Jax couldn’t walk. According to a memo from the director of the Williamson County Sheriff’s Special Crimes Unit, the dog was covered in urine, with “sores all over his body,” and ultimately had to be euthanized.

In a later search of the facility, detectives reported finding foul odors, feces, urine puddles, uncapped used syringes, loose medications and other “unclean” conditions. They issued an arrest warrant for the veterinarian involved, and in June of 2021, she turned herself into jail to be booked on charges of animal cruelty, according to court records.

Later, this veterinarian also faced discipline from the state’s veterinary licensing board, but a KXAN investigation found gaps in the board’s database that made it difficult for Texans to see disciplinary history for this vet — and others.

  • 5-year-old Jax had to be euthanized after staying at a Taylor vet hospital (Williamson County Sheriff's Office Photo)
  • White text on a blue background that says graphic warning the following photos show blurred sores on a dog's legs and hindquarters
  • 5-year-old Jax had deep sores on his body and had to be euthanized (Williamson County Sheriff's Office Photo)
  • 5-year-old Jax had deep sores on his body and had to be euthanized (Williamson County Sheriff's Office Photo)
  • 5-year-old Jax had deep sores on his body and had to be euthanized (Williamson County Sheriff's Office Photo)

KXAN is not naming her in this story in order to focus on greater accountability within the system, but you can read about her ongoing case here. KXAN reached out to her attorney several times but never heard back.

The Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners, or TBVME, became involved with Jax’s investigation early on, court records show. This agency licenses and regulates all Texas animal doctors, veterinary technicians and equine dental providers across the state — and investigates any complaints against their licensure.

After news broke of this doctor’s arrest in June 2021, KXAN investigators got a tip to search her name in the TBVME online database — a tool to help the public access any state disciplinary records that may exist for doctors or technicians the agency licenses. This look-up tool showed a clean record for the Taylor veterinarian charged in Jax’s case.

However, a few days later, KXAN investigators got several more emails and tips that TBVME reprimanded this same vet in the past, in a different case.

KXAN was able to confirm, using agency documents, the board agreed to discipline this vet over an incident from 2018, where pills at her animal hospital were not recorded properly. But, no documentation of this reprimand by the board appeared on the look-up tool at the time.

When we asked the board for an explanation, a staff attorney said, “The agency is currently implementing a new data system to accurately display licensee disciplinary history. Importing each individual order accurately to this new system is a time-consuming endeavor.”

The attorney told KXAN anyone could submit a formal Public Information Request to obtain specific disciplinary records — called Agreed Orders — from the board.

The Taylor veterinarian’s records had been uploaded in June “in anticipation of those open records requests” in her case, the attorney explained.

Jodi Ware sent KXAN one of those tips about the Taylor veterinarian’s disciplinary history.

She said she worried the incident was part of a larger trend of missing records and a general “lack of transparency” from the agency, which she believes makes it more difficult for the public to see which pet doctors have been disciplined — and why.

Six years ago, Ware submitted her own complaint to the TBVME, over concerns about how a surgery on her dog, Lightning Bolt, was handled. After going through the process herself, she began tracking disciplinary actions, complaints and other TBVME data — becoming a watchdog over the state agency.

“I’m always looking for answers,” Ware told KXAN in an interview a few months later. “At the end of the day, somebody has got to speak up for the animals, and it’s difficult for me — knowing what I know — to stop.”

In February 2022, Ware reached out to KXAN again to let us know the Taylor veterinarian had her license suspended by the TBVME, according to board meeting minutes.

But when KXAN searched the vet’s name in the licensee look-up tool again, no new records appeared.

An attorney for TBVME told KXAN in an email the agency was still experiencing delays with the data migration of disciplinary records.

For example, he explained “historical” records, meaning those scanned in 2011 through 2020, were being linked to names, not license numbers — which proved to be “problematic” in some cases. So, these records were manually imported and verified.

The attorney said these historical records were successfully imported and published in June 2021, around the time of the investigation and arrest in Jax’s case. He also explained all disciplinary actions and Agreed Orders from late 2020 going forward would be “manually verified, scanned, and imported into the system.”


		KXAN investigators attended the April meeting of the Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners. (KXAN Photo/ Chris Nelson)
KXAN investigators attended the April meeting of the Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners. (KXAN Photo/ Chris Nelson)

“A request has been made to the system developers to publish the current batch of board orders (from 2020 to 2021) to the public search feature,” he said.

The attorney told KXAN the agency’s Executive Director expected the upload to be “substantially complete” by the end of April, or sooner.

Still, as of late April, KXAN investigators counted dozens of disciplinary documents that appeared to be missing from the licensee lookup tool. Digging through board meeting minutes, we identified more than 70 cases where the board agreed to some kind of disciplinary action, but the look-up tool showed no corresponding disciplinary documents had uploaded for the veterinarian involved.

Many of these records were from 2019 — uploads that the board previously said had been completed nearly one year ago.

Ware, who tracks similar data herself, told KXAN she worries about how the years-long data migration and lack of some records have affected pet owners over the last six years.

“It shouldn’t be this difficult,” she said. “They should be serving us with half of the respect that they serve the profession — that’s their job.”

The recent records questions come just six months before lawmakers are set to review the TBVME on the very same issue.

In 2016, the Texas Sunset Advisory Commission, which evaluates the performance of state agencies, found the agency could not ensure the fair treatment of licensees and people who file complaints against licensees. Sunset staff also noted “poor oversight” of veterinarians’ prescribing and dispensing of controlled substances.

Plus, staff specifically directed the agency to “ensure its website accurately reflects the disciplinary status of its licensees” and make disciplinary records “easily accessible and readily available on its website.”

Advisory staff highlighted financial management and data reliability problems as the “most concerning.”

Click on the Sunset Advisory Commission reports to read their findings on the Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners

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Read the findings of the 2020-2021 limited review by the Sunset Advisory Commission on the Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examinerssrcset="https://www.kxan.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/40/2022/05/State-Board-of-Veterinary-Medical-Examiners-Staff-Report-with-Final-Results_6-30-21.png?w=160 160w, https://www.kxan.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/40/2022/05/State-Board-of-Veterinary-Medical-Examiners-Staff-Report-with-Final-Results_6-30-21.png?w=256 256w, https://www.kxan.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/40/2022/05/State-Board-of-Veterinary-Medical-Examiners-Staff-Report-with-Final-Results_6-30-21.png?w=320 320w, https://www.kxan.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/40/2022/05/State-Board-of-Veterinary-Medical-Examiners-Staff-Report-with-Final-Results_6-30-21.png?w=640 640w, https://www.kxan.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/40/2022/05/State-Board-of-Veterinary-Medical-Examiners-Staff-Report-with-Final-Results_6-30-21.png?w=876 876w" sizes="(max-width: 899px) 100vw, 640px"

“That pretty much covers everything the agency does right?” former Senator Kirk Watson asked Sunset staff in a recorded legislative meeting. “What is the root of the problem?”

Those staffers, Watson and other lawmakers ultimately said they believed “bad management” to be the root of all the issues. The 85th Texas Legislature approved the agency to continue operating, but for only four years, pending a limited scope review in 2020. Plus, lawmakers passed legislation that changed the composition of the agency’s board and required improved training for board members, according to the commission’s published Final Results.

Four years later, the Sunset Commission determined TBVME had implemented all of the previously-recommended changes, except “the agency continues to struggle with effective data collection and trend analysis,” staff noted in their written report.

In a hearing before lawmakers in December 2020, staff said the agency was dealing with issues “outside of their control” trying to update the database system used for the licensee lookup tool. Staff testified they were aware one of the vendors helping with the tool went out of business during the process.

The TBVME Executive Director, hired after the 2016 Sunset Review, told lawmakers it had contracted with a new vendor, so the database would be “working and should be online very shortly.”

John Helenberg said, “I believe that we are in a better place.”  

The Sunset Commission recommended the agency undergo a “special purpose” review in two years, to check on the implementation of the database system. This review is scheduled to begin in November 2022.

KXAN sent several emails to agency staff and the executive director with specific questions about the progress of the data migration and other operations — including requests for an on-camera interview — ahead of the next legislative review.

An attorney for the board answered a few select questions over email, but after several weeks went by without a full response, KXAN investigators attended the board’s April meeting in hopes of speaking with staff or leadership.

Before the meeting began, board President Dr. Quillivan said she would “likely” be the one speaking with us about our emailed questions, after the meeting. Agency staff repeated that would be the case.

However, near the end of the day, an attorney for the board informed us the president would no longer be doing an interview with us.

KXAN attempted to talk to the president anyway, but she refused to answer our questions and told us to reach out to Gov. Greg Abbott.

“It’s not going to be me. You can ask others,” she said.

KXAN approached other board members, who all directed us back to the president or declined to comment. Many told us they were unaware we had emailed questions to their staff.

Then, as the board President suggested, KXAN reached out to the Governor, who appoints the board members. In response to our questions, the Governor’s press secretary Renae Eze sent this statement to KXAN:

“The Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners has faithfully followed all recommendations from the sunset commission — including those related to uploading disciplinary documents and Agreed Orders and improvements to the board’s data management system. The implementation of some of these recommendations are ongoing, as the board has faced delays due to unforeseen issues such as staff vacancies, issues with IT contractors, and other technical difficulties. Despite these delays, the board has worked closely with the sunset commission throughout this process to ensure all recommendations are followed, and the board remains committed to ensuring the best possible quality of veterinary and equine dental provider services for the people and animals of Texas.”

The board sent over the same statement a few days later.

While board leadership didn’t answer our specific questions, during the April meeting board members did discuss ways to tackle a “backlog” of cases tied up in the agency’s legal department and other outstanding administrative tasks. Board members also referenced how “staffing shortages” could be affecting these tasks, as well as an upcoming move into a new state office building.

During the public comment portion of this meeting, Ware presented several of her concerns to the board, calling for more urgency with the look-up tool and more transparency in other agency operations.


Jodi Ware has become a watchdog over the Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners, tracking complaints and data since 2016. (KXAN Photo/Chris Nelson)
Jodi Ware has become a watchdog over the Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners, tracking complaints and data since 2016. (KXAN Photo/Chris Nelson)

In an interview with KXAN, she said, “It’s a dogged pursuit and a lot of times it feels very futile, it really does. It seems nobody is holding them accountable.”

In her opinion, the licensee look-up tool is harder to use today than it was in 2016.

“It’s difficult when you are aware of something that is so wrong, and you are aware of a population that is so vulnerable,” Ware said. “Our animals can’t speak to tell us what happens.”

A spokesperson for the Texas Veterinary Medical Association, which advocates for professionals in the industry, told us, “Veterinarians are bound by and hold themselves to high professional standards, so it’s important to be transparent with the public when one does not meet the standard.”

However, he said a key component of transparency is ensuring public information is both “accurate and actionable” — meaning only finalized disciplinary actions are posted to the tool or made public.

In an email, the spokesperson said, “The public can rely on a final order because it presents the facts of a case after a thorough investigation where all applicable records and evidence have been reviewed, and experts have analyzed the evidence against the accepted standard of care. If a complaint is filed but later found to be meritless, the public does not benefit from seeing the allegations in it, and the veterinarian’s reputation could be irreparably damaged despite no eventual finding of wrongdoing.”

Is your pet’s vet safe? Backlogged Texas cases may make it hard to know

For Heather Kutyba, working with horses is all about being on a team.

“You both kind of have to work together to find good solutions to problems. If we listen to them, we can accomplish a whole lot,” the Cypress resident told us as she walked past several horses in the barn at her family’s property.

She said she has owned and ridden horses as long as she can remember, but the memory of one particular horse, named Dazzle, brings tears to her eyes.

“She was incredibly kind. She was very trusting,” Kutyba said. “She was just different.”

When Dazzle seemed sore in one of her front legs, Kutyba said she took her to a specialist to be “proactive.”

  • Heather Kutyba said Dazzle was a happy, healthy horse until she was around 5 months old. (Photo provided by: Heather Kutyba)Heather Kutyba said Dazzle was a happy, healthy horse until she was around 5 months old. (Courtesy Heather Kutyba)
  • Dazzle lying down with wrapped legs

However, after treatment at a well-respected Texas animal hospital, Kutyba said Dazzle’s condition wasn’t improving. In fact, she said the horse showed soreness in her hind legs and developed trouble standing or walking.

“She would have walked through fire if I had asked her to, and she couldn’t move a few steps without agony,” she said.

Kutyba said she has always considered her horse’s veterinarians part of their “team,” but this time, she blamed the veterinarian who treated Dazzle for her condition.

She decided to file a complaint against the doctor with the Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners, or TBVME.

“I felt like I had done my part. I had put the case in their hands,” she said.

TBVME regulates licensed veterinarians and equine dental providers. According to the mission statement on its website, the board’s first priority is to protect the public.

This duty includes investigating every complaint the agency receives about one of its licensees to determine if there was a violation of the Texas Veterinary Licensing Act or Rules of Professional Conduct.

Board meeting documents reveal some cases must undergo a medical review by a licensed vet on the board, while others are reviewed by agency staff. Ultimately, the case is presented to the full board for a vote on disciplinary action — which can range from an informal reprimand to a monetary fine, license suspension or even revocation.

Then, the licensee and the board must come to an agreement about the discipline in a signed Board Order. If they cannot come to an agreement, the board can file a case with the State Office of Administrative Hearings, and the case will go before a judge. If it finds no evidence to support a violation, the board will dismiss the complaint.

The Texas Veterinary Medical Association, which represents vets in the industry, told KXAN, a “thorough investigative process is critical, regardless of who files the complaint.” It noted that disgruntled employees, clients, and sometimes even competitors might file a complaint against a veterinarian, so the board has to protect the public against the possibility of the complaint process being “abused.”

TBVME aims to resolve complaints against veterinarians and send the final action to the board for approval in an average of 180 days, according to the mission statement.

After filing her complaint in February 2016, Kutyba received a letter alerting her that her case was open and being processed. Over the next year, she received nearly a dozen more letters with the same message.


			A picture of some of the letters the TBVME sent to Heather Kutyba, letting her know her case was still open. (KXAN Photo/Avery Travis)
A picture of some of the letters the TBVME sent to Heather Kutyba, letting her know her case was still open. (KXAN Photo/Avery Travis)

During that time, Kutyba said her family made the difficult decision to humanely euthanize Dazzle because of the filly’s condition.

By August 2017, more than 500 days had passed since she filed the complaint. She decided sue the veterinarian and the institution representing her in civil court, seeking monetary damages. Around the same time, she began reaching out to her state representatives for help with her pending board investigation.

“I think at some point we have an obligation to each other,” she said. “If there is a problem — to say something. If somebody has done wrong… accountability is an important step. Otherwise, people just get hurt.”

Kutyba knew the TBVME was undergoing a legislative review during the time her complaint was pending.

The Texas Sunset Advisory Commission had found concerns about financial management, not enough oversight for controlled substance dispensing and a lack of necessary data to ensure a fair enforcement process by the agency. Plus, complainants and licensees both reported poor communication and difficulty getting basic updates about ongoing investigations.

In emails between Kutyba and agency representatives, she acknowledged the agency faced “restructuring,” but still hoped to get an update on her case.

By January 2018, more than 700 days after she filed her complaint, she decided to file a lawsuit against the TBVME.

“I felt that there were other people at risk because of their inaction,” Kutyba said.

One month later, court records show the TBVME denied all of Kutyba’s claims, demanding “proof.”

The 2016-2017 Sunset report stated the agency was averaging 221 days to resolve its complaints during the previous fiscal year – and had resolved 566 complaints.

However, over the course of the Sunset review, TBVME provided five different numbers for this single data point, and Sunset staff “could not verify any of the reported numbers with a suitable degree of confidence.”  

Sunset staff noted data reliability proved to be a “pervasive” problem throughout the agency since it provided them with several different numbers for “basic enforcement data,” such as the number of complaints resolved in a year and the number of disciplinary orders issued in a year. According to the report at the time, TBVME blamed these discrepancies on missing or wrong entries by staff in its database or “other clerical issues.”

By 2020, a limited scope review of the agency found the agency resolved most of the other issues it had identified but was “still struggling” to manage agency data.  

First, Sunset staff acknowledged one of the vendors TBVME contracted to work on the database went out of business during the process, delaying the recommended IT upgrades. However, it also called out the agency for a lack of trend analysis and incomplete or inconsistent information on the agency’s website.

“Similar to the previous review, the agency still struggled to provide Sunset staff basic, verifiable, end-of-fiscal year enforcement data, such as the number of complaints resolved in a year, average number of days to resolve a complaint, the priority assigned to a complaint, sources of complaints, and number of backlogged cases. Not trusting their unreliable data, agency staff reported counting data points manually for verification, which is time consuming and risks additional human error. The lack of data significantly limits the agency’s ability to have a complete, accurate picture of its efforts and to make needed adjustments.”

Sunset Advisory Commission, 2020-2021 Staff Report with Final Results

In spring 2022, months before the agency is set for another legislative review regarding these continued data problems, KXAN investigators discovered dozens of disciplinary records that still appeared to be missing from the agency’s licensee look-up website.

Around the same time, KXAN investigators asked the TBVME for the number of complaints the agency received since 2003. The board told KXAN it did not have logs of data prior to 2017. An attorney for the agency couldn’t provide aggregate numbers, but instead sent over several logs of complaint investigations.

Analyzing these records, KXAN counted more than 1,800 complaints have been lodged against Texas licensees over the last five years.

By cross-referencing these logs with disciplinary records that have been uploaded to the agency’s licensee look-up tool, we confirmed the board had not voted to revoke any licenses from veterinarians, but it had suspended around 40 licensees from practicing.

A pictorial chart showing the number of investigations opened during each fiscal year, after the Texas Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners received a complaint about one of its licensees. The agency gave KXAN logs of cases for each year which contained closed and open cases. A spokesperson told KXAN the log for FY 2022 only included open cases. Each figure of a person on the chart represents around seven unique cases.

Board meeting minutes show the board has voted on over 200 other agreed orders, containing additional disciplinary action for licensees.

The complaint logs, which KXAN received in March 2022, also revealed more than 300 cases tied up in the agency’s legal department. By April 2022, at the board’s latest meeting, the agency’s attorney reported 428 cases in the legal department awaiting medical review, signatures for an Agreed Order or other next steps from staff or the board.

Board members discussed ways to assist agency staff with this “backlog.” Several staff members suggested board members could assist with more cases that staff are currently tasked with reviewing since the agency was “short-staffed” at the moment, but board President Dr. Jessica Quillivan worried that would create a greater backlog.

“All I hear from all our board members is, ‘We have too many cases, too many cases.’ Why are you wanting to add cases to board members?” she said.

“If we take these cases that won’t take as long, and it frees up the rest of the staff to continue doing their work,” board Secretary Dr. Sandra Criner responded.

Through the meeting, members also referred to the fact that the agency was currently hiring another attorney to help with these cases.

At the end of the meeting, one member, Victoria Whitehead, suggested the board meet more frequently to try and tackle more cases.

“We have a lot on our plate right now, in terms of agency operations,” she said. “I’d like to see us get to a point where we are a little more stable in terms of our numbers and terms of our management.”

The board discussed how an upcoming move to a new state office building might make adding another meeting to the calendar difficult on staff but ultimately decided to meet in June — before the next scheduled meeting in July.

At this meeting, board leadership declined to speak with KXAN in an on-camera interview regarding our questions about the data migration, amount of pending cases and other agency operations.

In an email, an agency spokesperson told us it had some “remaining” work on enforcement data to finish before the 2022 legislative review, but that would not impact the public’s ability to view Agreed Orders or disciplinary actions on its public look-up tool.

At that same board meeting, Heather Kutyba drove to Austin to speak to board members during public comment, since one of her lawsuits against the TBVME appeared on the agenda as an item for discussion. The board took all legal matters into Executive Session.

In 2018, the Board dismissed Kutyba’s complaint against the veterinarian who treated Dazzle, finding no violations of the Texas Veterinary Licensing Act or Rules of Professional Conduct. Her multiple legal pursuits have either been dismissed by the courts or put on hold.

However, in October 2021, she heard the same veterinarian had been charged with animal cruelty in a separate case.

“My first response was relief; the second was just tears,” Kutyba said, describing the moment she learned about the indictment.


			Heather Kutyba, pictured in front of her family's barn, believes her complaint to the TBVME was mishandled. (KXAN Photo/Avery Travis)
Heather Kutyba, pictured in front of her family’s barn, has sued over her complaint to the TBVME. (KXAN Photo/Avery Travis)

According to a grand jury indictment filed in Brazos County, this doctor is accused of “torturing” a horse, named Allie, in 2019. State documents reveal the vet is accused of shocking Allie with a cattle prod for as long as thirty minutes, and an hour later, the horse died.

KXAN is not naming this doctor in this story in order to focus on greater accountability with the state licensing agency, but KXAN reached out to the attorney representing this veterinarian in the criminal case. He said his client is a “well-respected expert in equine veterinary medicine.” He noted she has been on staff at several nationally-respected institutions and has a “deep reverence for the lives of horses — and saving the lives of horses.”

In March 2021, TBVME filed a case with the State Office of Administrative Hearings, seeking to revoke this veterinarian’s license, since the board and the vet failed to reach an Agreed Order. In its complaint, the board alleges “dishonest or illegal practices, and violation of Board Rules,” by this doctor.

“That could have been avoided. I don’t have any doubt about that,” Kutyba said. “If the board’s motto is to protect the public, then they need to get on to the business of protecting the public.”

Graphic Artist Rachel Gale, Director of Investigations & Innovation Josh Hinkle, Photojournalist Chris Nelson, Digital Special Projects Developer Robert Sims and Digital Director Kate Winkle contributed to this report.

You can’t use some Instagram filters in Texas anymore — here’s why

You won’t be able to use some of the fun filters on Instagram or Facebook in Texas anymore.

The change comes after Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton sued Meta, Instagram’s parent company, alleging it uses facial recognition technology that violates Texas law and infringes upon Texans’ privacy rights.

Facial recognition was previously used by the company, but Meta discontinued it in November 2021.

“That’s sort of the heart of this lawsuit is where’s that data going? Who’s using it? are you selling that data? are you reusing it for other purposes?… If your face can be tied to other data and identify it, and those with your location, like there’s a lot that can be done,” Omar Gallaga, a tech expert said.

Paxton’s office also accuses the company’s social media platforms, like Instagram, of including facial recognition technology without the user’s permission.

Meta announced on Wednesday some filters would no longer be available in Texas, though it denies Paxton’s claims.

“The lawsuit that was filed by Texas was seeking penalties in the amount of $25,000 per person affected, which gets into the hundreds of billions of dollars,” Gallaga said.

The company sent this statement to KXAN:

“The technology we use to power augmented reality effects like avatars and filters is not facial recognition or any technology covered by the Texas and Illinois laws, and is not used to identify anyone.  Nevertheless, we are taking this step to prevent meritless and distracting litigation under laws in these two states based on a mischaracterization of how our features work. We remain committed to delivering AR experiences that people love, and that a diverse roster of creators use to grow their businesses, without needless friction or confusion.”

Statement from Meta

The company also mentioned it will soon launch an “opt-in experience that explains how AR effect placement works” with plans to resume services in Texas across apps and devices.